Garden Terms

A Glossary of Garden Terms That Apply to Arcadia.


trees planted very close along an avenue and trimmed off the walk way Arbor: a frame or lattice work covered with vines for shade.


a lattice work, or wicker work covered with flowering vines, a poetic term for a lady's bed.

Brown, Lancelot "Capability":

(1716-1783) began career in 1741 at Stowe as a student of Kent, great man of the Landscape movement.


a dwarf fruit tree, usually apple or pear, trained and pruned onto a frame in a flat symmetrical design to create a living fence or to grow fruit against a wall in a small space like a town garden or castle courtyard.


a faux cave with a water feature and statuary (often Neptune). Also a deliberate attempt to introduce a melancholy mood (associated with creativity), and a cool retreat on a hot day.


sunken fence used to open up views but keep livestock out of house gardens, a Kent trademark.

Kent, William:

(1685-1748) developer of Landscape gardening. Key principals: idealized nature, nature abhors a straight line, use of vistas through hahas and view walks. His Kentian style was marked by the use of Greek temples(1725- 1755) as focal points.

Knight, Richard Payne:

(1750-1824) proponent of the Picturesque movement wrote "The Landscape" 1794.

Landscape Garden style:

(1755-1785) simple idealized natural area containing the elements of grass, trees , and water as a view from certain high points to which the person is lead by walks and buildings meant to engender a sense of serenity. Movement was accelerated by the value of grazing animals and small groves of trees.


intricate shapes created by planting and pruning boxwood often set off with colored gravels.

Patte d'oie:

goose's foot an odd number of paths coming together at a center point at angles less than 90 degrees.

Picturesque Garden style:

(1785-1840)a style of landscaping in which the scene is dramatic through use of sudden elevation and a sense of isolation and the dominance of nature meant to move the emotions strongly, influenced by the Lakeland poets.


to bend and to interweave branches of trees to form a living fence or wall plashed: to cut partly and intertwine the branches of as in a hedge.

Repton, Humphry:

Landscape designer who began career in 1788 published "Sources of Pleasure in Landscape Gardening" which analyzed and summarized "Capability" Brown's work.


trees or shrubs trained and clipped into geometric or animal shapes often cut yew trees as at Levens garden.

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Information provided by: Nick Morgan and "The" Leah Carlson, May 2005

Link to Arcadia Homepage.

Credits and special thanks