NEW MLA edition 7 rules!


MLA Update 2009

In Summer 2008, the Modern Language Association released its third edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, which publicly unveiled modifications to MLA Style for the upcoming year.

These changes go into effect April 2009 with the release of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). General paper formatting (margins, headings, etc.) and in-text citations will remain the same, but all Works Cited style entries will be different from the 6th edition guidelines.

The Purdue OWL will begin listing these changes in all our MLA resources in April 2009. Until then, here are some of the more noteworthy changes to look forward to:

MLA 2009 Sample Entries

Before the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition) arrives, refer to the following preview. Each entry highlights changes in the new edition.


Book citations remain largely the same except for the addition of the medium of publication, Print, at the end of the entry.

Carré, John le. The Tailor of Panama. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996. Print.

Scholarly Publication (Journal)

Regardless of pagination, all scholarly publication citations include both volume and issue numbers. End citations with the medium of publication, Print.

Aldrich, Frederick A. and Margueritte L. Marks. “Wyman Reed Green, American Biologist.” Bios 23.1 (1952): 26-35. Print.

Online Periodical

Online periodicals include both the name of the website in italics and the website publisher. Note that some sites will have different names than their print formats, such as ones that include a domain name like .com or .org. If no publisher is listed, use N.p. to denote no publisher name given. Follow with date of publication, Web as medium of publication, and date of access.

Lubell, Sam. “Of the Sea and Air and Sky.” New York Times. New York Times, 26 Nov. 2008. Web. 1 Dec. 2008.

Cohen, Elizabeth. “Five Ways to Avoid Germs While Traveling.” CNN, 27 Nov. 2008. Web. 28 Nov. 2008.

Online Database Scholarly Journal Article

Cite online journal articles from an online database as you would a print one. Provide the database name in italics. Library information is no longer required. List the medium of publication as Web and end with the date of access.

Berger, James D. and Helmut J. Schmidt. “Regulation of Macronuclear DNA Content in Paramecium tetraurelia.” The Journal of Cell Biology 76.1 (1978): 116-126. JSTOR. Web. 20 Nov. 2008.

Online-only Publication

For articles that appear in an online-only format or in databases that do not provide a page number, use the abbreviation n. pag. for no pagination. End the citation with the medium of publication, Web, and the date of access.

Kessl, Fabian and Nadia Kutsche. “Rationalities, Practices, and Resistance in Post-Welfarism. A Comment on Kevin Stenson.” Social Work & Society 6.1 (2008): n. pag. Web. 10 Oct. 2008.

Online Scholarly Project

Online scholarly projects appear italicized. Difficult-to-find projects may be listed in quotation marks with the website name and domain in italics. Publication location and date follows. Web medium of publication and date of access end the entry.

Kline, Daniel T., ed. Geoffrey Chaucer Online: The Electronic Canterbury Tales. U of Alaska Anchorage, 30 Jul. 2007. Web. 2 Dec. 2008.

All Sections in MLA Formatting and Style Guide: MLA Update 2009:
  1. General Format
  2. In-Text Citations: The Basics
  3. In-Text Citations: Author-Page Style
  4. Formatting Quotations
  5. Footnotes and Endnotes
  6. Works Cited Page: Basic Format
  7. Works Cited Page: Books
  8. Works Cited: Periodicals
  9. Works Cited: Electronic Sources
  10. Works Cited: Other Non-Print Sources
  11. Additional Resources
  12. Abbreviations in MLA
  13. Works Cited Page: Other Print Sources
  14. MLA Works Cited Example Page
  15. MLA Update 2009
  16. MLA Tables, Figures, and Examples
  17. MLA Sample Paper