Etymology List of English Words                          (2006)

HOW TO MAKE ETYMOLOGY POST-ITS

 

In preparation for class tomorrow, you will make some etymology post-its.  For this, you will need to use a "good" dictionary.

 NOTE  A "GOOD" dictionary will have a section in either the front or the back of it explaining etymology.  If there isn't one at home, go to the library.

Find out the complete etymology of the words you've been assigned (If you were absent and didn't get assigned words, choose any block below and do those words in the block).

Write each word in marker with letters written as big as possible so the word can be read from across the classroom.  BELOW the word (or on the back), save enough room to copy down its exact etymology.  Use pen or pencil for this.  Most dictionaries use square brackets [ ]   in which to place the etymology.

 

EXAMPLE:  LIFE  [ME.  OE. lif, akin to ON. lif, life, G. leib, body   IE. base *leibh-,  to live, whence L. (cae)lebs, unmarried, orig., living alone (cf. CELIBATE)]

 

 EXAMPLE OF TRANSLATION OF “LIFE”   

The word LIFE, as we use and see it today in modern English, was founded in Middle English, which was derived from the Old English word, lif, which is similar to the Old Norse word or "cognate," lif  meaning "life" and also similar to the German word, leib, meaning "body."  It is believed to have its origins in the Indo-European base, the hypothetical, leibh-, which means "to live."  The Latin word (cae)lebs, whose meaning, "unmarried," although seemingly unrelated to the meaning of the base, is shown to be directly related through the original meaning "living alone."  Finally, there is a cross-reference (in parentheses) capitals) to an English word, celibate, which derives from the Latin word caelebs

 

Name                                 

A   anger

A   armor

A   attorney

A   baker

A   bed

A   bee

Name                               

B    beech

B    beef

B    bier

B    bin

B    bird

B    blanket

Name                                 

C   blood

C   breath

C   cash

C   cast

C   chair

C    child

Name                               

D   chivalry

D   church

D   circle

D   coin

D   cold

D   cow (noun)

Name                             

E    cow (verb)

E    coward

E    craft

E    crag

E    crime

E    crook

 

Name                                 

F    crop

F    death

F    dinner

F    dirge

F    drink

F    duke

Name                               

G   dun (adj.)

G   earring

G   eat

G   elect

G   enemy

G   excellent

Name                                 

H   eye

H   fable

H   face

H   false

H   fellow

H   field

Name                               

I     fight

I     food

I     fortune

I     fur

I     game

I     gentle

Name                             

J     god

J     good

J     government

J     guild

J     hand

J     harvest

 

Name                                 

K   hate

K   heaven

K   herd

K   hero

K   hit

K   horse

Name                               

L    husband

L    ire

L    jewel

L    joy

L    judge

L    jury

Name                                 

M   kingdom

M   knife

M   law

M   leisure

M   lice

M   life

Name                               

N   loose

N   love

N   maiden

N   marry

N   mattress

N   meager

Name                             

O   meat

O   mice

O   mirth

O   money

O   mutton

O   muzzle

 

Name                                 

P    name

P    noble

P    oak

P    ox

P    palm

P    perfect

Name                               

Q   perfume

Q   pillage

Q   pleasure

Q   pork

Q   portal

Q   proof

 

Name                                 

R    rain

R    reign

R    rent

R    rice

R    rime

R    rise

Name                               

S    robe

S    romance

S    rule

S    rune

S    sail

S    salt

Name                             

T    Satan

T    satin

T    satisfy

T    Saturday

T    satyr

T    sausage

Name                                 

U   servant

U   sheep

U   ship

U   shoe

U   shoot

U   sister

Name                               

V   ski

V   skid

V   skull

V   sky

V   slaughter

V   sled

Name                                 

W    sleep

W    sly

W    snow

W    soldier

W    songbook

W    sovereign              

Name                               

X   sport

X   stagger

X   subject

X   sue

X   summons

X   sun

Name                             

Y   supper

Y   swine

Y   take

Y   teach

Y   thorp/thorp

Y   thrust

 

Name                                 

Z    tiger

Z    turtle

Z    vassal

Z    war

Z    wife

Z    willow

Name                               

ZA    window

ZA    winter

ZA    wolf

ZA    woman

ZA    work

ZA    worship             

Name                                   

ZB    monarch

ZB    money

ZB    Monday

ZB    Tuesday

ZB    thyme

ZB    Thursday

Name                               

ZC    field               

ZC    food

ZC    foot

ZC    fraud

ZC    frank

ZC    Friday

Name

ZD   Wednesday

ZD   sword

ZD   syllable

ZD   weep

ZD   weird

ZD   low

 

Name­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______________

ZE     luxury

ZE     scop

ZE     score

ZE     scold

ZE     scoff

ZE     school                  

Name_____________

ZF   scant

ZF   scalp

ZF   mourn

ZF   temptation

ZF   village

ZF   nag                 

Name_____________

ZG    bylaw

ZG    city

ZG    policy

ZG    wheel

ZG    mutton

ZG    storm

Name______________

ZH    gloom

ZH    apart

ZH    phlegm

ZH    choler

ZH    melancholy

ZH    knife

Name_____________

ZI     knoll

ZI     gramma

ZI     knell

ZI     quest

ZI     carpet

ZI     troll

 

Name_______________

ZJ     elf

ZJ     thyme

ZJ     sage

ZJ     parsley

ZJ     lace

ZJ     mouse

Name______________

ZK   muscle

ZK   get

ZK   portal

ZK   fain

ZK   fen

ZK   meed

Name______________

ZL     lief

ZL     arrest

ZL     accuse

ZL     acquit

ZL     convict

ZL     punish

Name______________

ZM    pardon

ZM    plead

ZM    damage

ZM    witan

ZM    culprit

ZM    bylaw

Name_____________

ZN   elf

ZN   wergild

ZN   guilt

ZN   debt

ZN   evil

ZN   familiar

 

Name_______________

ZO    blame

ZO    bode

ZO    poet

ZO    scop

ZO    amen

ZO    hallow(ed)

Name______________

ZP   substance

ZP   plague

ZP   wand

ZP   hope

ZP   despair

ZP   beef

Name_______________

ZQ    dung

ZQ    castle

ZQ    dungeon

ZQ    gallows

ZQ    tree

ZQ    throne

Name______________

ZR     sag

ZR     prince

ZR     crown

ZR     scholar

ZR     scold

ZR     scoff

 

Name_____________

ZS    score

ZS    sea

ZS    shriek